Ground Cover Supplement : GC Supplement - Wheat breeding
WHEAT BREEDING GROUND COVER BREEDING PROGRAMS 13 departments of agriculture and universities. However, mounting pressure on available public funding required rationalisation of these breeding operations. This was achieved by: nmerging the many small and local breeding programs into fewer, more cost-effective entities with the ultimate goal to be self-sustaining, along with a national client base; and n continuing to attract private investment. As a result Australia now has world-leading, best-practice wheat-breeding activities, which are spread over four wheat-breeding programs. The transition from publicly funded breeding organisations to commercially operating breeding companies was possible with the introduction of the Plant Breeder's Rights (PBR) Act in 1994, which granted proprietary rights to breeders for their varieties. This legislation, and its amendment of 1999, provides the basis for the commercialisation of open pollinated plant varieties, which in turn presents breeders with the opportunity to receive a revenue stream to sustain their breeding operations. Today, wheat breeding in Australia is essentially dependent on royalty income in the form of end point royalties (EPR). This funding model is well suited to secure the future for wheat breeding in Australia. □ More information: Andreas Betzner, manager for wheat and barley breeding, GRDC, 02 6166 4500, firstname.lastname@example.org purchased the Landmark share in 2006 and in late 2007 Pacific Seeds purchased a majority share in the company from Syngenta. LongReach Plant Breeders will provide the benefits of commercial competition and, through access to elite international germplasm and technology, achieve better results for Australian wheat growers. Syngenta's capacity in plant science and Pacific Seeds' commercial strength provide the LongReach operation with the necessary expertise and connection in the grains industry -- spanning the complete chain from geneticists to end-users. HRZ Wheats Pty Ltd HRZ Wheats is a specialised breeding company established in 2003 focused on developing milling-quality wheats specifically targeted to the high-rainfall zone (HRZ) of Australia. The shareholders of HRZ Wheats are CSIRO, NZPFR (New Zealand's Institute of Plant and Food Research), the GRDC and Landmark Operations Ltd. In contrast to an integrated 'seed' company, the production, marketing and sales activities are conducted differently in HRZ Wheats, with the company forming long-term strategic relationships with specialist companies in production/marketing and sales. These relationships are underpinned by those companies taking an equity stake in the 'breeding' company. This allows each segment of the chain, from breeding to sales, to be managed by a company with expertise, efficiency and effectiveness in that segment with the expectation that the 'whole' activity is greater than the 'sum of the parts'. As such, AWB Seeds has been licensed as the exclusive commercialisation partner. The breeding activities focus around four major activities, focused on developing: nhigh-performance milling-grade grain varieties; n a diversified germplasm base; n yield enhancing traits; and n disease resistance. □ Modern breeding programs are harnessing the genes and the latest techniques and systems to rapidly turn breeding material into better varieties.
GC Supplement - Pulse breeding
GC Supplement - Water use efficiency