Ground Cover Supplement : GC Supplement - Agronomy
19 AGRONOMY GROUND COVER PULSES and maturity characteristics and have performed well in crop-topping trials when compared with current commercial varieties. These lines are expected to be commercially available in 2011. GenesisTM 079 chickpea is an early maturing small-seeded kabuli type better suited to crop-topping in short season environments compared with other chickpea varieties. □ Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge the important contribution of Michael Lines and Jenny Davidson (South Australian Research and Development Institute) and Luke Gaynor and Peter Matthews (NSW DPI) in the research reported here. Funding from the SA Grains Industry Trust was provided for the time of sowing research. GRDC Research Code DAV00084 More information: Dr Jason Brand, research agronomist -- pulses, Victorian Department of Primary Industries, 03 5362 2341, firstname.lastname@example.org; Larn McMurray, research scientist, South Australian Research and Development Institute and PBA, 08 8842 6265, email@example.com; Eric Armstrong, research agronomist -- pulses, NSW DPI and PBA, 02 6938 1814, firstname.lastname@example.org OTHER RESOURCES HELPING EARLY SOWING OF PULSES n Improved nodulation -- the new granular inoculants survive better than peat inoculant under dry sowing conditions and do overcome the problem of compatibility with fungal seed treatments. n Blackspot Manager -- this web-based decision-support tool helps growers in Western Australia and South Australia identify the best sowing date for field peas in relation to the risk of the release of airborne spores of blackspot (go to www.agric.wa.gov.au and select 'NEWS', then 'Crop Disease Forecasts'). n Improved knowledge of disease -- botrytis infection in lentils is now known to occur when temperatures reach 18˚C, at the end of August and early September. Warmer temperatures encourage canopy growth and increase humidity levels. TABLE 1 IMPROVEMENTS IN PULSE CROP VARIETAL DISEASE AND AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OVER TIME CROP VARIETY RELEASE DATE DISEASE AND AGRONOMIC RATINGS Field peas Downy mildew Bacterial blight Black spot Plant type Yield potential Alma 1986 S -- S Tall, trailing type Moderate Parafield 1999 S MR-MS S Tall, trailing type High KaspaA 2002 MR# S MS Semi-dwarf, semi-leafless High Faba beans Ascochyta blight Chocolate spot Rust Height Yield potential Fiord 1980 MS VS S Short Moderate Fiesta 1998 MS-MR S S Medium Moderate NuraA 2005 MR-R MS-MR MR Short Moderate Lentils Ascochyta blight (foliage) Ascochyta blight (seed) Botrytis grey mould Height Yield potential Digger 1993 MR MS MR Medium Moderate Nugget 2000 MR MS-MR MR Med-tall Moderate NipperA 2007 R R R Short Moderate Chickpeas Ascochyta blight Botrytis grey mould Flowering cold tolerance Lodging resistance Height HowzatA 2000 S MS S MS Medium SonaliA 2004 MS S T MS Medium GenesisTM 090 2006 R S S MR Medium # recent change in isolate, KaspaA resistance now overcome in some regions S=susceptible, MS=moderately susceptible, MR=moderately resistant, R=resistant, T=tolerant Matching agronomy to new varieties with improved disease resistance has been behind the rapid rebuilding of a thriving chickpea industry in southern Australia, after its collapse in the late 1990s due to ascochyta blight.
GC Supplement - Water use efficiency
GC Supplement - New farm products and services